A gunman in the Swiss town
of Zug killed 14 lawmakers and elected officials and then shot himself
during a local parliamentary session, 27 september 2001
Friedrich Heinz Leibacher
(July 21, 1944 – September 27, 2001) was a Swiss spree killer who killed
14 members of the Zug canton Parliament, injuring 18 others, before
Leibacher had been employed in business, and had
several failed marriages to women from the Dominican Republic, of whom
one produced a daughter. In 1970 he was convicted of fraud, public
obscenity and obscene acts with children, and sentenced to 18 months
detention. He served his sentence in a work-training institution.
After leaving detention, Leibacher became unemployed.
Doctors diagnosed a personality disorder and alcoholism and he received
an invalidity pension. In 1998 he was convicted of threatening a bus
driver employed by the Zug transport company.
Leibacher was upset by his treatment, and wrote
frequently to the authorities with letters of complaint. The passage of
time did not diminish his grievance as Leibacher began to believe he was
the target of a government conspiracy led by Robert Bisig, a Cantonal
Minister. He sued Bisig but in September 2001 his actions were dismissed
by the court.
At 10:30 AM on September 27, 2001 Leibacher entered
the Zug Parliament disguised as a police officer and armed with a pistol,
a pump-action shotgun, and a rifle. He made his way to the Parliament
chamber where he fired more than 90 shots randomly. Politicians and
journalists alike were hit, although Robert Bisig escaped unscathed.
Finally, Leibacher detonated a small home-made bomb, then shot himself.
He left behind a suicide note describing his action as a "Day of rage
for the Zug mafia".
Herbert Arnet, 50
Peter Bossard, 63
Martin Döbeli, 57
Jean Paul Flachsmann, 65
Karl Gretener, 40
Heinz Grüter, 53
Konrad Häusler, 45
Dorothea Heimgartner-Häller, 53
Monika Hutter-Häfliger, 52
Erich Iten, 44
Katharina Langenegger-Lipp, 59
Kurt Nussbaumer, 49
Rolf Nussbaumer, 36
Wilhelm Wismer, 44
The Zug massacre took place
2001 in the city of Zug (Canton of Zug, Switzerland) in the
canton's parliament. 14 politicians were shot dead by Friedrich
Leibacher, who shortly after killed himself. During the antecedent
years, Leibacher drew the attention on himself by an intense use of
appellates. He felt discriminated and dismissed by constitutional
state, that he thought, he was constrained to this crime.
Transporting multiple weapons, including the civil
version of a Stgw 90 (assault rifle of Swiss Army), a SIG-Sauer-pistol,
a pump-action shotgun and a revolver, using a selfmade police vest,
Leibacher was able to enter the building without any problem.
In the hall, where the members of the parliament held
a meeting, he shot around. He killed three "Regierungsräte" and eleven "Kantonsräte",
hurt numerous politicians as well as a few journalists, some heavily. He
fired 91 rounds. Further, he ignited a selfmade bomb. Actually, his main
goal was Robert Bisig, who ironically stayed unharmed. Leibacher left a
suicide note titled "Tag des Zornes für die Zuger Mafia" ("Days of wrath
for the Zug mafia"). Seemingly, he thought, that there was a plot
In that dimension, this assault was the first of its
type in Switzerland and one of the Canton of Zug's history's unhappiest
days. Whole Switzerland was shocked and in dolor. Worldwide, especially
in the European Union and in the German Bundestag, there was a storm of
protest about this act and the politicians were in dolor because of the
death of their colleagues.
As an aftereffect, many local parliaments increased
their security, if they even already had any security plans, or, if not,
installed security measures. Some established a strict access control
for visitors and security passports for the politicians.
On the national level, the Sektion Sicherheit
Parlamentsgebäude (section for the security of parliament buildings)
was established as part of the Bundessicherheitsdienst (national
security service), a police unit of 35, which secures the Bundeshaus in
Bern. As part of the introduction of a general electronic access control
for visitors, access controls with x-ray were additionally installed.
Further, different wings of the Bundeshaus were secured with security
gates, which have to be opened by the politicians with a badge.
Further, many cantons and communities have compiled
files which list the names of people who count as Nörgler,
Querulanten and Behördenhasser (nigglers, grumblers, haters
of the administration), who have threatened people or who make intense
use of appeals and bombard authorities with protest notes and who think
they have been treated unfairly after the appeals have been dismissed.
Since the Zug massacre such people are watched more closely. Mediation
centres were founded in which the so-called Ombudsmänner try to mediate
in conflict situations. Police stations became a lot more sensitive to
threats, people making threats are temporarily detained and their houses
searched - weapons are found quite often. Further, when issuing weapon
licenses, the person is "examined" sharper, because Leibacher has been
found having a paranoid personality disorder and "brain weakness" ("Gehirnschwäche")
in older medical certificates. He was able to legally buy the weapons
although he had already threatened people, had been known as a grumbler
and has had a report made against him. Despite this, or due to a lack of
knowledge, no measures followed to avoid the catastrophe.
Gunman kills 14 in Swiss assembly
Thursday, 27 September, 2001
A gunman has gone on the rampage
in a regional parliament in central Switzerland, killing at least 14
people before committing suicide.
Ten others were injured when Friedrich Leibacher,
57, burst into the assembly session disguised as a police officer.
He opened fire with an assault rifle and a pistol.
Eight of them remain in a critical condition
The attack took place at the regional parliament
building in the town of Zug, 25 km (16 miles) south of Zurich, at 1030
(0830 GMT) on Thursday.
Police say he detonated an explosive device before
turning his gun on himself.
Leibacher, who had been embroiled in a long-running
dispute with the local authorities, left behind a confession note
describing his actions as a "Day of rage for the Zug mafia".
Officials dived behind desks as Leibacher opened fire.
Witnesses reported there was blood everywhere and one
member of parliament compared it to an execution.
"I was just outside the door of the parliament when
he came in with a rifle, with several pistols and with what I think was
a hand grenade," one eyewitness told Reuters news agency.
"He started firing all around for several minutes. It
was really terrible."
The guns used by Leibacher are standard issue weapons
which Swiss nationals have to keep in case of call up.
Leibacher appears to have formed a grudge against
local authorities after he became involved in a dispute with bus drivers
and transport officials.
One government official, Robert Bisig - who was a
particular target of Leibacher's - told a press conference that a court
had this week dismissed seven suits brought by Leibacher against the
Leibacher is thought to have held Mr Bisig personally
responsible for legal action which local transport authorities had
brought against him.
The Swiss President Mortiz Leuenberger has ordered
all flags to fly at half mast for three days. The national parliament in
Bern was suspended when deputies received the news.
Although violent crime is extremely rare in
Switzerland, gun ownership is widespread due to the obligation to carry
out military service and the popularity of shooting as a sport.
There are only minimal controls at public buildings
but the President of the House of Representatives, Peter Hess, has said
that may now need to be reviewed.
Gunman kills 14 in Swiss assembly
Thursday, 27 September, 2001
A LONE gunman murdered 14 people with an assault rifle
and hand grenades before killing himself at a Swiss regional assembly
building yesterday — the worst mass killing in the country’s
Authorities said that the man, believed to be in his
early thirties and living near Zürich, was a deranged local resident
who lodged a petition with the assembly in the town of Zug and had it
dismissed. It was not immediately clear what the petition was about, but
police were quick to stress he had no links to global terrorism. Olivier
Burger, a Zürich police official, said: “He had a grudge against the
assembly for his own reasons. He exacted a terrible price for his
Unconfirmed reports in Switzerland last night said the
killer was a disgruntled bus driver who had lost his licence and took a
bloody revenge when the cantonal assembly refused to give it back. A
Swiss TV station and a German radio station reported that the man had
his licence withdrawn because he was caught drunk at the wheel.
His abandoned car was discovered outside the assembly
building with an assortment of weapons, including a rapid-fire pistol
and revolver, in the boot. They also found a letter which read: “The
day of wrath for the Zug mafia.”
Authorities said later that the man had been able to
get past guards wearing dark clothes on which he had daubed the word
A police spokesman said: “He came into the chamber
with a pistol and a rifle, but we believe mostly used the rifle. We have
never experienced anything like this in Switzerland before. The
community is in a state of utter shock.”
The slaughter occurred in the assembly building of the
canton of Zug in the heart of the country, described as the “Riviera
of Switzerland”. It is only 25 minutes from Lucerne and Zürich and
administers ten surrounding towns and villages.
Shortly before 10.30am the tranquillity of the
legislative chamber was shattered when the man burst into a local
session of assembly members.
“All I heard was the duh-duh-duh low thuds of
gunfire and I knew something terrible was happening,” said Klara
Schumann, a housewife passing by at the time. “I looked inside and saw
people running and people staggering around with blood all over them.
Blood was running in the hallways, like so much splashed paint. It was
ghastly, a nightmare scene.”
She ran when she heard explosions — believed to have
been hand grenades or a home-made bomb hurled by the man into the
assembly hall. A police spokesman added: “He had been firing randomly
with an assault rifle and killed 14 people. Ten more were severely
wounded, eight more critically wounded.
“He fired at random — there appeared to be no
method to his shooting. He left the room and came back. Survivors said
he threw in what appeared to be hand grenades, or perhaps a home-made
bomb in a package, we´re not sure.
“The man is dead himself. It appears he killed
himself. We know who he is — he comes from near Zürich and had a
grievance against the assembly, although what it was we are not quite
Three members of the local government were among the
victims, said Peter Hess, the president of the Swiss national assembly.
Mr Hess, who is from Zug, interrupted a regular session of the federal
assembly in Berne to announce the death toll.
“The man strode through the whole floor, shooting at
people,” a Swiss Telegraphic Agency reporter, Dominik Hertach, told
Swiss television. Mr Hertach said people threw themselves to the floor
amid loud screams from those who had been injured.
There was then an explosion, he said, and smoke filled
the room. The force of the blast ripped doors off and shattered windows.
Viktor Schaech, who runs a tobacco kiosk near the
assembly building, said he was chatting to a friend when he heard the
sound of shooting.
“It was complete chaos,” he said. “It was
absolutely awful. I’m still in shock.”
Fifteen dead after shootings in Zug parliament
Thursday, 27 September, 2001
A man wearing a police vest opened fire during a
session of Canton Zug’s regional assembly on Thursday, leaving 15
people dead – including the gunman. Another fifteen people were
Three members of government, and 11 members of
parliament, were among the dead. Police identified the gunman as
Friedrich Leibacher, 57, of canton Zurich, who, they said, had been
involved in a legal conflict with local authorities.
The attacker entered the parliament building at
10.30am on Thursday and opened fire with an assault rifle in the
assembly room. Authorities say he then briefly left, came back and threw
a hand grenade into the room, where 80 local representatives were
gathered for the cantonal parliament’s monthly session.
“The man strode through the whole floor, shooting at
people,” said a Swiss Telegraphic Agency reporter Dominik Hertach.
People threw themselves to the floor when the shooting began, and there
were loud screams from the injured, he said.
The blast of the hand grenade filled the room with
smoke, ripped off doors and shattered windows.
“It lasted about three minutes, almost like an
execution,” said Hanspeter Hausheer, a member of the assembly and a
banker at UBS Warburg.
The assembly room was covered with blood after the
shooting and several people lay wounded in the chambers.
Police, ambulances and the fire brigade arrived at the
scene shortly after the attack.
The three government members who died were identified
as Monika Hutter-Häfliger, health director for canton Zug; construction
director Jean-Paul Flachsmann, and the head of the interior department,
At least fifteen politicians and journalists suffered
injuries. One person is in a critical condition.
Row over transport
At a news conference, police officials said
Leibacher's grievances dated back to a row with a bus driver two years
ago. He subsequently insulted public transport workers, leading the
transport department to file a complaint against him.
Leibacher responded with counter-complaints relating
to transport and justice department figures. He filed suits at every
level of the Swiss legal system, including the Supreme Court. All his
cases were dismissed, and he was recently told of the latest rejection.
"He did this purely out of revenge and
fury," said local investigator Kurt Blöchinger.
Robert Bisig, director of the economics department and
one of only two officials not harmed, said Leibacher had bombarded them
with letters and pamphlets demanding his rights.
All his accusations were dismissed because "they
were so far from reality," said Bisig.
Police found a letter left behind by the gunman which
spoke of “a day of rage against the Zug mafia.” In it, Leibacher
accused authorities of being a "band of criminals,"
"pirates" and "alcoholics."
They said the assailant used a Swiss-made 5.6mm SIG
“Sturmgewehr 90”, an assault rifle used by the Swiss army. He also
carried a pistol with several magazines of ammunition.
Police have also seized a car with Swiss licence
plates which was found near the parliament building, which contained a
number of weapons.
Authorities say it is probable that Leibacher had
served in the country's militia army when he was younger.
Expressions of shock
Swiss President Moritz Leuenberger headed to Zug upon
news of the attack, and laid down flowers in front of Zug's Parliament
"This was not just an attack on people, but it
was also an attack on our democratic institutions," said
Leuenberger. "We live in a country where even the highest ranking
politicians can move about freely."
"This is an hour of shock and incomprehension.
But we have to stick together if we want to uphold the values of a free
Peter Hess, speaker of the national House of
Representatives and a Zug native, called for a minute’s silence. “I
am shocked this happened in Zug,” Hess said. “I cannot remember an
attack against parliamentarians in a parliament building in Switzerland
ever happening during a session.”
Hess and Leuenberger were among those who attended a
religious service in Zug's church on Thursday evening.
Leuenberger has ordered all state flags to fly at
half-staff for the next three days. Monday has been declared a national
day of mourning.
The attack in Zug is Switzerland’s worst mass
killing on record. The last shooting by a gunman occurred in 1992, when
Erminio Criscione ran through three southern Swiss villages ringing
bells and shot six people as they opened the door.
In May 1991, a businessman killed five members of his
family before shooting himself in an alpine valley.
'Forgotten' row may have led to Swiss massacre
By Fiona Fleck - Telegraph.co.uk
September 29, 2001
THE massacre in a Swiss
regional government building in which 14 people died and 15 were injured
was a carefully planned act of revenge, police said yesterday.
They said the killing of three local government
ministers and 11 parliamentarians at Zug, near Zurich, may have been
prompted by a dispute the gunman had with the local authorities which
started three years ago. This in turn may have been caused by the break-up
of his marriage, they added.
Friedrich Leibacher, 57, a retired salesman, was
disguised as a policeman - in a fake combat-style uniform with the word
"Police" handwritten across the front - when he stormed into the
building on the shores of Lake Zug and carried out the worst mass
shooting in Switzerland's history.
Officials said Leibacher was in dispute with the Zug
local authority after a row with a bus driver in 1998. Investigators
said it was so petty that the driver and passengers could not remember
what it was about.
But as the argument became more heated, Leibacher
pulled a gun on the driver, who reported him to the police.
That was the beginning of a dispute in which the
killer filed numerous complaints of injustice at the hands of local
officials in the transport and justice departments and which culminated
this week in the rejection of those complaints by the Zug high court.
Robert Bisig, one of four surviving local government
executives, described the complaints as "far removed from reality" and
said: "He wanted money from us, lots of money".
They also disclosed that the killer was convicted in
1970 of incest with minors, public acts of incest, theft, forging
documents and traffic offences.
He selected the one day of the month that could wreak
maximum carnage - the last Thursday of the month when the Zug authority
holds its regular meeting.
Survivors described how he sometimes seemed to single
out his victims for execution and sometimes sprayed bullets about him
indiscriminately, while they lay on the floor playing dead.
They said the killer paced about the room, looking
around to see who was still alive. If someone moved, he would start
"He was shouting abuse at the parliament, saying that
now their time was up. All the time he was shouting he fired wildly
about him," said Rupy Enzler, a local journalist who was in the chamber
at the time.
Investigators said the killer was carrying more
weapons than previously believed. In addition to a Swiss army standard
assault rifle and handgun, he had a pump-action shotgun and a revolver.
Police later found another gun in his car parked in
the disabled space outside the parliament building.
They said an explosive device he detonated inside the
chamber was probably home-made. It was not clear whether he shot himself
or was killed by the blast, which ripped out doors and shattered windows.
Roland Schwyter, the investigating magistrate in
charge of the inquiry, said Leibacher first acquired a gun with a
licence in 1996 - the revolver he carried but did not use in Thursday's
In 1998 he bought two more guns with licences, a 9mm
Sig 210 pistol and a 9mm SigSauer P232 pistol. Although the authorities
knew Leibacher was unstable, this did not prevent him from acquiring
further guns for his own arsenal of weapons, investigators said.
Swiss mass killer was convicted molester
ZUG, Switzerland -- Switzerland's worst mass murderer
was described Friday by authorities a "querulous troublemaker"
whose past included a conviction for child molestation and other crimes.
Friedrich Leibacher, a 57-year-old Zurich resident,
opened fire with an assault rifle Thursday on a meeting of the state
legislature, killing 14 lawmakers and officials, before killing himself
with a handgun.
Dressed in a police-like uniform and with a grudge
against local officials following a legal dispute, Leibacher entered the
state parliament in the wealthy city of Zug, firing bursts of dozens of
rounds from his 5.6mm Sturmgewehr 90 with deadly accuracy.
Some deputies were able to escape by diving behind
their desks. One said he survived behind the body of a colleague.
It was unclear whether the attack would have any
impact on Swiss gun controls, the most relaxed in Western Europe.
Officials said they weren't sure where Leibacher had acquired his
weapons. The assault rifle was a civilian version of the model issued to
soldiers of the militia army to keep in their homes.
Police said Leibacher had been convicted of a string
of offenses 30 years ago, including sexual offenses against children,
public indecency and falsifying documents. They did not provide details
of the convictions.
In 1998, police began to take notice of him again. He
threatened a bus driver with a revolver. When authorities filed charges,
he made a series of criminal complaints of his own, against the driver
and against government officials.
"Friedrich Leibacher was becoming an increasingly
querulous troublemaker," police said.
All his cases were dismissed, and he was told of the
most recent rejection shortly before he went on the killing spree.
Government officials said Leibacher -- who neighbors
described as quiet and "standoffish" -- had bombarded them
with letters demanding his rights.
Within hours of his rampage, security had been
tightened at government buildings across the country. The federal
parliament in Bern announced plans to introduce metal detectors and bag
Now lawmakers fear that Leibacher's act could achieve
something that even the terror attacks on the United States failed to do
-- create a barrier between politicians and their constituents.
"The extreme act of one individual driven by an
incredibly violent anger toward the state should not cut off the
government, the state and the political world from the citizens,"
said Achille Casanova, spokesman for the federal Cabinet.
"Security measures must not be dictated by
In Switzerland, even the president usually travels
without protection, the interior minister goes to work by public
transport and the public has open access to parliamentary sessions.
"That's one of the fundamentals of national
unity," said the Christian Democratic Party in a statement. The
shooting should not put in doubt the concept of parliaments being
"close to the people."
Authorities declared a week of mourning in the canton
of Zug. A memorial service will be held Monday.
Zug (pronounced "Tsoog") is the name of both
the canton of 100,000 people and its principle town in the center of
this Alpine country.
Murderer with four guns and a grudge
Nobody raised an eyebrow when Friedrich Leibacher
pulled into town in his black Hyundai and parked up in the tidy town
square, just a few yards from the regional parliament building in the
Swiss town of Zug.
It was Thursday morning and the weather was glorious.
In the crisp autumn sunshine, locals sipped coffee at pavement cafes and
pensioners fed the pigeons in the wide square.
Zug, a pretty lakeside town about 40 miles from
Zurich, is the kind of place loved by British and American tourists. For
visitors, its narrow cobbled streets and shops selling luxurious Swiss
chocolates are a delight.
It was 10.30am. Nobody noticed as Leibacher, wearing a
dark grey jacket with Polizei printed on the back, pulled a can of beer
from a bag and drained it in a couple of quick gulps.
Four minutes later he got out of his car, wiped a hand
across his mouth and adjusted his coat. Tucked inside was a Sturmgewehr
90 assault rifle, a pump-action shotgun, a SIG Sauer pistol and a
Walking slowly towards the regional parliament and
with a baseball cap pulled low over his eyes, Leibacher psyched himself
into a frenzy. All the little grievances and perceived slights he had
been stewing over for months were coming to a head. He was full of hate.
Bounding up the six stone steps, Leibacher was inside
in seconds. There was not a single security guard in sight; authorities
later admitted they had got rid of them years ago. There was simply no
need for them.
Leibacher had chosen his moment well: the 80-person
assembly was in full session, the seven member government of the Zug
canton was deliberating over new school laws and a handful of reporters
were present to cover the proceedings.
The killing did not begin immediately. After bursting
into the chamber toting his weapons, the 57-year-old ranted briefly. He
called the assembled politicians 'bastards' and vowed to eradicate what
he described as the Zug mafia.
Then he began what he described as his 'day of rage'.
Striding across the chamber, he opened fire, peppering the cowering
politicians with 120 rounds from his assault rifle. He also managed to
get a few shots off with his pump-action shotgun. Bullets ripped into
the prone figures and splintered masonry. Desperate screams and the
sound of moaning filled the room.
There was method to his madness. Leibacher had
specific 'targets' and called for Zug's finance minister Robert Bisig to
reveal himself: 'Show yourself Bisig! Where are you coward.' Bisig,
however, remained under his desk playing dead next to three of his
colleagues who really were dead.
Leibacher then began to fire at anything that moved
and anyone who tried to leave. He also singled out the media for a
tongue-lashing. 'Bunch of pigs,' he said. 'All you do is write crap.'
As the bullets flew politicians cowered under desks
but there was nowhere to hide. Leibacher may have been a madman but he
remained calm throughout. Midway through the killing he tossed a
homemade bomb into the mayhem which filled the chamber with smoke.
The force of the blast blew open doors and windows and
left a bloody scene of carnage in its wake. Satisfied with a job well
done, Leibacher then turned a gun on himself.
The tranquil world of Zug was transformed in just four
minutes. By 10.38am, 14 innocent people were dead and 15 wounded, one of
them seriously. As ambulances began arriving, the police began looking
Guns are common in Switzerland where every man between
the age of 18 and 42 has a rifle stored in his wardrobe with 24 rounds
for the event of war. Fresh-faced youths can often be seen lugging their
rifles to training camps for military reservists at weekends.
Squeezed on a bus or tram the sight of guns is
unremarkable and the Swiss have become conditioned to their presence on
their streets. But even by Switzerland's gun-toting standards Leibacher
was unusually well stocked.
Police files would show later that he had permits for
three weapons although the authorities expressed an apparent disbelief
that his personal armoury was quite so replete. After the killings,
police discovered many more weapons in his car.
A police investigation is underway but there is little
to investigate after the discovery of a letter of explanation on
Leibacher's corpse. The mind-numbingly minor nature of his grievances
and his motive for mass murder has, however, shocked many in
It all started, it would seem, because of an argument
with a bus driver. Leibacher, who is divorced and has a daughter aged
20, lived in a leafy residential part of Zurich but used to live in the
It was here in 1998 that he had an altercation with a
bus driver called Bert Betschart. Leibacher claimed he could smell
alcohol on Betschart's breath, accused him of being an alcoholic and
demanded he resign.
The dispute escalated with Leibacher, described by
some officials as a serial whinger, writing to the transport
authorities. When he failed to get satisfaction, he threatened Betschart
with a pistol in a local restaurant but the driver managed to escape.
The authorities investigated Leibacher's claims about
Betschart but found them to be without foundation. But the unemployed
former salesman wouldn't relent. He fired off letters to local officials
and took to insulting all public transport workers whenever he met them.
In the end the authorities decided they had had enough
and sued Leibacher for defamation of character. The case dragged on with
Leibacher himself filing criminal charges against Betschart and several
local officials whom he considered were incompetent. As the police put
it: 'Friedrich Leibacher was becoming an increasingly querulous
On the day before he went on his killing spree
Leibacher discovered that he had lost his case. He was in many ways an
accident waiting to happen. He had a string of convictions dating back
to 1970 including one for child abuse and he is also known to have
threatened a female employee at a benefit office. He also had tinnitus -
a constant ringing sound in his ears - which may have aggravated his
The people of Zug, plunged into shock and mourning,
still do not know what hit them. In such a small town, with a population
of just 22,000, everyone knows everyone.
Last night a candle-lit vigil was held. Flowers
covered the entrance to the parliament and one note just said: 'Why?'
Tomorrow the town will come together for the funerals of the victims.
Viktor Schech, who runs a snack bar behind the
parliament, was one of those people who remembered Leibacher from the
1960s and 1970s.
He told The Observer: 'We called him Fritz. He always
had good cars, was a little playboy and was always in trouble with the
'He had criminal blood flowing through his veins but
for us young people he was like a God because he had a real flair with
Ultimately, though, it seems that Leibacher was
tortured by uncontrollable anger at the world. Police spokeswoman Helena
Bilgerig said: 'He was a person who was always upset. Nobody could do
anything right for him.'
The chilling reality is that the massacre could have
The only thing it proves, according to the Swiss daily
Le Temps, is that when an individual decides to sacrifice his life to
bring his own brand of 'justice' it is very difficult to protect